Botanical Name: Cananga odorata Common name: Ylang-ylang, Chape Plant Read More
Colorless clear liquid
Sweet, exotic floral scent
Floral water is
obtained by the same process as the essential oil, namely by steam distillation
of water. The flowers are crossed by water-steam. Once it is released from the
container, the steam, which is enriched by the essential oil contained by the
plants, is condensed in a coil that has been kept in cold. The recovered fluid
is composed by essential oil and water: The floral water is the water naturally
enriched by traces of essential oils (about 0.1%). The floral water
concentration will be expressed as a percentage. A floral water at 50% means
that 50 kg of dry plants were required to produce 100 kg of floral water.
Cananga odorata, which is commonly called ylang-ylang, is
a fast-growing tree and can found natively in tropical Asia such as
Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, and some other islands of Indian Ocean,
mainly the Comoro, Nossi Be, and Madagascar islands. Commercial
cultivation of C. odorata to produce ylang-ylang oil started
in the Philippines, later followed by the production of cananga oil in
Indonesia. The First World War almost destroyed ylang-ylang cultivation in the
Philippines, only one plantation continuing cultivation until the Second World
War. In the Philippines C. odorata is now a smallholder crop
grown almost exclusively for local use. In 1770 C. odorata was
brought from the Philippines to Réunion, where commercial production of
ylang-ylang oil started a century later. Production grew steadily but declined
sharply during the First World War; it never recovered, and production
virtually ceased during the economic depression of the 1930s. In the beginning
of the 20th Century C. odorata was introduced into the Comoro
Islands, where an important industry developed. Production peaked during the
1980s, but then declined due to the development of tourism and expansion of
food production. Similarly, an ylang-ylang industry developed in the northern
Madagascan island Nosy Bé; it peaked around 1950 and then gradually declined.
In Guangdong Province in southern China, production started recently and is
still expanding. Indonesia, the Comoro Islands and Nosy Bé are the main
exporters of ylang-ylang oil. Java is the main producer of cananga oil; outside
Java, the production of cananga oil is only important in Fiji.
Also known as hydrosols, floral
waters are actually a by-product of the steam distillation process used to
capture essential oils. During a normal essential oil distillation process, the
steam containing the oils is cooled to turn it into water, and the essential
oils floating on top are skimmed off and bottled. The remaining water is
considered floral water! Any floral water contains water, water-soluble
components of the plant, and trace amounts of the essential oil. This unique
composition lends each floral water a full spectrum of the essence and properties
of the botanical material from which it was derived. Though they are most often
called floral waters, hydrosols can be produced from any plant matter like
herbs, needles, leaves, woods, barks, and seeds.
Floral waters have many valuable
uses in beauty, skincare, haircare, and household products. At Venkatramna
Industries, we offer wide range of floral waters for a variety of product
applications. They can be sold as pure floral waters to be used as sprays and
spritzers, or they can be strategically blended with other ingredients to
create versatile consumer products.
Hazardous: Not classified as hazrdous.
Contraindications (Oral): Pregnancy, breastfeeding,
endometriosis, estrogen-dependant cancers, children under 5 years of Age.
Maximum Dermal Use Level: Not Established
Organ Specific Effects
Adverse Skin Reactions: Not known.
Cardiovascular Effects: Not known.
Reproductive Toxicity: Not Known
Hepatotoxicity: Not Found
ORAL (LD50): Not Known
DERMAL (LD50): Not known
Subcute & Subchronic Toxicity: Skin: May
cause skin irritation. Eyes: May cause eye irritation. Ingestion: May cause
gastrointestinal tract irritation. Inhalation: Inhalation of mist or vapor may
cause respiratory tract irritation.
Carcinogenic: Not Classified
Ecotoxicity: Not available
Products of Biodegradation: Possibly hazardous
short term degradation products are not likely. However, long term degradation
products may arise.
Toxicity of the Products of Biodegradation: Not