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Garlic Oil  

[VRI/SP/10-023]

Extraction Method - Hydrodistillation

Certificate - ISO, GMP

Source - Bulb

(0)
$ 9.51

Botanical Name:  Allium sativum Common name:  Garlic, Lahsan, P Read More

Botanical Name: 

Allium sativum

Common name: 

Garlic, Lahsan,

Plant family: 

Liliaceae

Genus: 

Allium

Appearance/Color:

Pale yellow to reddish orange clear liquid

Odor:

A top note of strong aroma, Garlic Essential Oil has a very strong and pungent aroma of garlic.

Blends With:

Asafoetida, Basil Sweet, Chili, Cumin and Rosemary.

Origin:

India

Source:

Bulb

Method of Extraction:

Steam Distillation

 

Allium sativum, known as garlic, is a strongly aromatic bulb crop believed to originate from Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Western China. A. sativum was domesticated long ago and is mentioned in ancient Egyptian, Greek, Indian, and Chinese writings. Garlic grows in temperate and tropical regions all over the world, and many cultivars have been developed to suit different climates. A. sativum is the most widely consumed bulb after onion.

Allium sativum is divided into two subspecies, A. sativum var. sativum, also known as softneck garlic, and Allium sativum var. ophioscorodon, also known as hardneck garlic. Both varieties are composed of an underground bulb made up of cloves, which are prophylls enclosed by dry membranous skins and held together by a basal plate. The variations differ in that hard neck garlic’s bulb is composed of six to eleven cloves, circled around a centralized woody stalk. This variety of garlic has a scape that curls at the top, but it is generally removed after it curls one to three times. This is because if it continues to grow, less energy can be utilized towards the bulb. Eventually, the scape would give rise to bulbils, containing miniature cloves. The bulbils are occasionally accompanied by white or light purple flowers, although these are sterile. Softneck garlic does not have a flowering top and contains up to twenty-four cloves per bulb.

Garlic has been traditionally used to treat a wide variety of ailments, including bacterial and fungal infections, intestinal worm infestations, wounds, diarrhea, rheumatism, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases (thrombosis, hypertension, hyperlipidemia), metabolic disorders and others. Today, this plant is included in traditional medicine in most cultures. Garlic, available in various formulations for medicinal purposes has also been used to relieve symptoms caused by cancer and benign prostatic hypertrophy. However, in all the applications listed, clinical evidence in support of these uses is very weak or is absent. Popularly is also used or has been used in the past as mosquito repellent, anti-catarrhal, for hoarseness and as a sedative for cough. Topical application of garlic is used traditionally to treat skin warts.

Garlic has a long history of medicinal use for a wide variety of conditions and was once known as the poor man's treacle. Garlic as a rich source of bioactive compounds and as a folk medicine for the treatment of various diseases. In folk medicine, garlic has been used internally to treat bronchitis and respiratory problems, gastrointestinal problems, flatulence, leprosy, menstrual cramps, high blood pressure, and diabetes, and externally for warts, corns, arthritis, muscle pain, neuralgia, and sciatica. Although garlic is best known for its culinary and medicinal uses, it can also be used in homemade cosmetics and crafts such as garlic braids and wreaths.

Garlic Essential Oil in Pharma

Garlic has pharmaceutical effects and used to cure a vast conditions including blood pressure and cholesterol, cancer, hepatoprotective, anthelmintics, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antifungal and wound healing, asthma, arthritis, sciatica, lumbago, backache, bronchitis, chronic fever, tuberculosis, rhinitis, malaria, obstinate skin disease including leprosy, leucoderma, discoloration of the skin and itches, indigestion, colic pain, enlargement of spleen, piles, fistula, fracture of bone, gout, urinary diseases, diabetes, kidney stone, anemia, jaundice, epilepsy, cataract and night blindness. Garlic products are used as sources of medicine in many ways in human beings in their day today life. As a result, researchers from various disciplines are now directing their efforts towards discovering the medicinal values of garlic on human health.

Essence of Garlic Essential Oil

Garlic is one of the most important bulb vegetables, which is used as spice and flavoring agent for foods Garlic adds to taste of foods as well as it helps to make them digestible. Garlic contains different useful minerals, vitamins and many other substances used for health of human beings. It is rich in sugar, protein, fat, calcium, potassium, phosphorous, sulfur, iodine fiber and silicon in addition to vitamins. It possesses high nutritive value.

COMMON USAGE

·        Boosts digestion

·        Controls diabetes

·        Lowers cholesterol levels

·        Reduces hypertension

·        Eye care

·        Relieves ear aches

·        Treats cold

·        Treats wounds

·        Prevents acne

·        Controls asthma

·        Increase libido

·        Prevents cancer

Ingredients:

S.No

Key Constituents

Strength (%)

1

Dimethyl trisulfide

18.0-48.8

2

Dimethyl disulfide

25.8-46.8

3

Meyhyl allyl trisulfide

8.3-18.2

4

Methyl allyl disulfide

3.9-12.2

5

Propyl allyl disulfide

0.26-7.2

6

Methyl allyl tetrasulfide

0.04-5.9

7

2-vinyl-4H-1,3-dithiin

0-1.7

8

Methyl allyl pentasulfide

1.6

9

Dimethyl tetrasulfide

1.3

10

Propyl methyl disulfide

0.06-1.3

11

Dimethyl disulfide

0.4-1.2

 

TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Safety Summary

·        Hazards: Moderately toxic; inhibits blood clotting; skin irritation.

·        Contraindications: (oral) Anticoagulant medication, hyperthyroidism, major surgery, peptic ulcer, hemophilia, other bleeding disorders.

Organ-specific effects

·        Adverse skin reactions: Garlic has frequently been cited as causing ACD. Fresh garlic paste has been the cause of irritant dermatitis in children; garlic oil has caused similar problems, also in children. Diallyl disulfide is the most common cause of skin sensitization, including one case of systemic contact dermatitis. Propyl allyl disulfide and other allergens, not present in the essential oil, have also been identified. There are two reports of photoallergic contact dermatitis to diallyl disulfide, so garlic oil may be photoallergic.

·        Cardiovascular effects: Garlic oil was hypotensive in humans after oral administration. Garlic oil demonstrates antiplatelet activity. In six healthy adults it dose-dependently inhibited in vitro platelet aggregation induced by ADP, epinephrine or collagen. Given orally to cardiovascular patients at a daily dose of 120 mg for up to 30 days, garlic oil similarly inhibited platelet aggregation promoted by the same substances.

Systemic effects

·        Acute toxicity

·        Chronic toxicity

·        Carcinogenic/anticarcinogenic potential

·        Drug interactions

Dilute before use; for external use only. May cause skin irritation in some individuals; a skin test is recommended prior to use. Contact with eyes should be avoided.

ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

·        Toxicity : Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

·        Persistence and degradability: No Additional Data available.

·        Bio-accumulative potential: No Additional Data available.

·        Mobility in soil: No Additional Data available.

Do not allow the material to enter streams, sewers or other waterways. Dispose of in accordance with local regulations. Avoid disposing into drainage systems and into the environment. Empty containers should be taken to an approved waste handling site for recycling or disposal.

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